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Chile Fact File

Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru.

Area: 291,932 square miles (756,102 square kilometers). Slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana.

Geography: Strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desert is one of world’s driest regions; the crater lake of Ojos del Salado is the world’s highest lake (at 6,390m).

Climate: Temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south.

Population: 16,888,760 (July 2011 est.)

Capital: Santiago

Government: Republic

Language: Spanish (official), Mapudungun, German, and English.

Time Zone: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

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