China Fact File

Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam.

Area total: 5,963,275 square miles (9,596,961 square kilometers)

Population: 1,367,485,388 (July 2015 est.)

Capital: Beijing

Geography: The world’s fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and the U.S.); Mount Everest on the border with Nepal is the world’s tallest peak.

Climate: Extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north.

Government type: Communist state

Chief of state: President XI Jinping (since 14 March 2013); Vice President LI Yuanchao (since 14 March 2013)

Head of government: Premier LI Keqiang (since 16 March 2013)

Languages: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)note: Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet).

Religions: 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < .1%, Jewish < .1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2%.

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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