China Fact File
Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam.
Area total: 5,963,275 square miles (9,596,961 square kilometers)
Population: 1,367,485,388 (July 2015 est.)
Geography: The world’s fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and the U.S.); Mount Everest on the border with Nepal is the world’s tallest peak.
Climate: Extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north.
Government type: Communist state
Chief of state: President XI Jinping (since 14 March 2013); Vice President LI Yuanchao (since 14 March 2013)
Head of government: Premier LI Keqiang (since 16 March 2013)
Languages: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)note: Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet).
Religions: 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < .1%, Jewish < .1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2%.
Source: CIA The World Factbook
Get Your Free China Report Now
Learn more about China and other countries in our daily postcard e-letter. Simply enter your email address below and we’ll send you a FREE REPORT – China: Where Antiquity and Modernity Collide.
This special guide covers real estate, health-care and more in China and is yours free when you sign up for our IL postcards below.