El Salvador Fact File

El Salvador Fact File

History: El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.

Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras.

Area: 8,124 square miles

Population: 6,090,646 (July 2012 est.)

Capital: San Salvador

Geography:  The smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea.

Climate: Tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands.

Government type: Republic

Head of State: President Carlos Mauricio Funes Cartagena (since 1 June 2009)

Languages: Spanish (official), Nahua (among some Amerindians)

Religions: Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8% (2003 est.)

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