El Salvador Fact File
History: El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.
Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras.
Area: 8,124 square miles
Population: 6,090,646 (July 2012 est.)
Capital: San Salvador
Geography: The smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea.
Climate: Tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands.
Government type: Republic
Head of State: President Carlos Mauricio Funes Cartagena (since 1 June 2009)
Languages: Spanish (official), Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Religions: Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8% (2003 est.)
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