Located in the southern part of Peru, Arequipa is the country’s second largest city with 1 million inhabitants. It’s a bustling metropolis with a large and vibrant Spanish colonial quarter at its heart. It’s actually a UNESCO World Heritage site thanks to this beautiful architecture and the city’s efforts at preserving these links to the past. The historic buildings are made of a white-colored local volcanic rock called sillar, giving the city its nickname: the White City. Arequipa has a lot going for it and as a result it’s becoming an increasingly popular destination for travelers. Many head to the nearby Colca Canyon, one of the world’s deepest, to see endangered condors; others go to experience authentic indigenous culture and the natural splendor of Lake Titicaca.