Colombia Fast Facts

Colombia: A Rising Star in the Americas manizales-colombia

Population: 47,220,856

Capital City: Bogota

Climate: Tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands

Time Zone: GMT-5

Language: Spanish (official)

Country Code: 57

Coastline: 3,208km

Colombia: The Strikingly Beautiful Country With Something for Everyone

Lush green coffee plantations along the Andes Mountains, sparkling crystal beaches, and Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta—the 18,700 foot, snow-capped mountain which is only 26 miles from the Caribbean Coast.

The country is the second most bio-diverse in the world. Located in the north of South America, it has coastline on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, borders the Darien jungle to its west, and the Amazon to its east. With 1,889 species of birds, Colombia is home to 20% of all species on earth. Tucked away in the eastern part of the country is Caño Cristales, the river dubbed a “liquid rainbow.” This river of five colors is one of the country’s many natural gems.

All this gorgeous scenery is a backdrop to one of the best things about Colombia–its warm, accepting people. Happy to share their country with foreigners, the Colombians will welcome you into their communities with music, dancing, interesting local food, and of course festivals. Nearly every city and town has a festival to celebrate some aspect of Colombian life.

Medellín, Colombia

Medellín, Colombia’s second largest city, hosts Feria de las Flores (flower festival) in August, followed by the International Jazz Festival in September. And every December they present the most spectacular display of Christmas lights in the world.

Life in Colombia varies from laidback, relaxing beach living in the coastal town of Taganga, to the culture-rich capital city of Bogotá, filled with theaters, churches, and the Gold Museum, which houses the world’s largest collection of Pre-Columbian gold artifacts. Trendy nightlife, upscale shopping, and an array of imaginative restaurants can be found in both Bogotá and Medellín, as well as several other large cities. Many cities in Colombia offer a first-world lifestyle for significantly less than the cost of living in the U.S.

Healthcare in Colombia is top-notch. América Economía, Latin America’s premier financial publication, reported in 2015 that 22 Colombian hospitals ranked as being in its top 43 in all of Latin America.

The people of Colombia and its government have worked hard to overcome the former, harsh reputation of the country. More than two decades have passed since the infamous days of Pablo Escobar and much of the country is now vibrant and thriving. Multinational companies in the technology, mining, banking, and healthcare sectors have a major presence in Colombia.

Getting from one area of the country to the other is rather easy. Bus travel is inexpensive. However, due to the mountainous area around most of the country, journey times can be long. On the positive side, you can spend the hours soaking in all the magnificent scenery. Many airlines provide services between major cities. Domestic flights are reasonably priced and make for much shorter transit, allowing you to spend more time exploring your destinations.

Colombia is steadily growing as a popular retirement haven. Expats report being happier and healthier and their cost of living is a lot lower than it was back home. When Wendy and Darren Howarter decided to move to Colombia, their friends and family thought they were crazy. Two years on, they have an “incredible life that we love” in Medellín.

“We bought our very own Medellín apartment with a pool, gym, and Turkish spa, in a great neighborhood,” Wendy says. “With two bedrooms, two-and-a-half bathrooms and an enormous balcony, it cost less than $135,000. The same apartment in a similarly sized city, such as Chicago, would have cost at least twice as much. It’s great to be able to enjoy a bottle of wine with our new friends—expats and locals—on our balcony, or better yet, poolside.”

3 Reasons Why You Should (and 4 Reasons You Shouldn’t) Live in Colombia

By Nancy Kiernan

There are 195 countries in the world. And while there is no perfect place on this earth, we are all in search of our own personal slice of paradise. At the tip of the continent, Colombia is the gateway to South America. About the size of the states of California and Texas combined, this country has shed its dark past and is becoming a haven for retirees. The New York Times lists Colombia as #2 out of 52 places to go in 2018. Is Colombia right for you? Here are a few pros and cons to help with your decision.


Pros of Living in Colombia


  1. You will have access to affordable, world-class healthcare. The World Health Organization (WHO) ranks Colombia´s health system #22 out of the 191 countries it reviews. That is better than Canada which ranks #30 and the U.S. which ranks #37. Twenty of the top 49 Latin-American hospitals are in Colombia. Foreigners are eligible to sign up for the national public health insurance plan, Entidades Promotoras de Salud (EPS), once they are residents and have obtained a cédula (national ID card). There is no age limit and pre-existing conditions are covered after an elimination period. Premiums range between $30 and $80 per month, depending on your financial status. Co-pays for laboratory tests, imaging, and other diagnostics use a tiered system which is tied to your income. These range from $2 to $10 per visit.


  1. Getting a retirement visa is easy. The income threshold is quite low, and the documentation process is very straightforward. If you are receiving Social Security, then you would apply for the pensionado category visa. With as little as a $738 monthly benefit you qualify for the visa. You must provide official proof of the income to accompany your application. If you are too young for Social Security but do receive a monthly private pension or 401K distribution of at least $2,459, then you can apply for the rentista category visa. You must submit apostilled documentation of your benefit along with your application. Both of these visas are valid for three years. There are no medical-related questions on the applications for either one.


  1. You will experience life at a slower pace. Colombians have a very family-centric culture, much like the U.S. was back in the 1950s and 1960s. They have Sunday dinners at grandma´s house, and large parties with all the aunts, uncles, and cousins. They balance work time and recreational time. Offices close between noon and 2 p.m. so that employees can have a lunch break. Many Colombians go home to eat their big meal of the day. Mention that you used to eat your lunch at your desk while making phone calls and sending emails, and the Colombians shake their heads and say “it´s bad for digestion.”


 number 6 colombia

  1. You won’t rack up many frequent flyer miles. Traveling back and forth between the U.S. and Colombia is quite easy and there are direct flights to several U.S. east-coast cities from Bogotá and Medellín. Because Colombia is so close to the U.S., your flights will be relatively short compared to those between the U.S. and Europe or Asia. While this won´t help you bank very many frequent flyer miles, it will let you get back to visit family and friends quicker. Flights are only three hours from Colombia to Florida and then another three hours to either New York City or Boston. You can leave after breakfast and be visiting family in time for dinner.


  1. You´ll have trouble remembering which month of the year it is. Colombia is the second most biodiverse country in the world. If you like warm, tropical weather, then living on the Caribbean coast is perfect for you. If you prefer more temperate spring-like weather, then choosing a city in the Andes Mountains will suit your taste. A fabulous benefit of living in Colombia is that the weather in the climate you choose remains constant all year long. So, January looks and feels the same as June or October. Also, Colombia sits just above the equator so there is very little variation in the amount of daylight during the year. If you are from northern part of the U.S., you are accustomed to longer days in the summer and significantly shorter days in the winter. Colombia has 12 hours of day, and 12 hours of night every month of the year.


  1. You won´t know what to do with all the extra money in your bank account. You can live in many parts of Colombia for $2,000 per month or less. Because this country is just beginning to become recognized by expats as an affordable, retirement haven, the cost of living is low. Of course, like any country, it depends on where you choose to live and what type of lifestyle you want. That does not mean you have to scrimp. Medellín for example has an active and growing gastronomy industry. There are hundreds of excellent restaurants serving everything from gourmet hamburgers to Italian, Mexican, Argentinian steak, sushi, and international ethnic cuisine. You can easily have dinner for two in a very nice restaurant for $30 per couple, including tip.


  1. Your home will look and smell like a florist shop. Colombia is the second largest exporter of cut flowers. I bet you didn´t know that nearly 80% of the flowers in the U.S. come from Colombia. Roses, carnations, and chrysanthemums are the most popular species, but the country also grows exotic Birds of Paradise and Anthurims (red, heart-shaped blossoms), colorful sunflowers, and lilies. Because all of these gorgeous flowers are grown locally, they are very inexpensive to buy. Local shops and street vendors sell a wide variety of bouquets of freshly-cut flowers that you can bring home. Two dozen roses cost around $9. That is the price you would pay for just a single rose in some cities in the U.S. At these prices you can have fresh flowers in several rooms of your home all year-round.

From the Archives of Colombia

Own a Colonial Home in Southern Colombia…From Just $90,000

Own a Colonial Home in Southern Colombia…From Just $90,000

Colonial Living
By |
August 8, 2017

Southern Colombia is like a rainbow of landscapes and subcultures. Cali, the area’s largest city, is a melting pot of ethnicities and the birthplace of Colombian salsa. South of Cali, Afro-Colombian and indigenous communities dot the landscape. And one hour north you’ll find one of Colombia’s true undiscovered jewels. With high temperatures reaching 80 F during the day, Buga offers its 100,000 or so residents an airy lifestyle, with doors and windows open wide throughout the day. In the city center, students from the University of Cauca’s Buga extension mingle in cafés, and in the main plaza children frolic in the shade while old men shoot the breeze.

Good Health and Culture in Bogota, Colombia

Good Health and Culture in Bogota, Colombia

By |
January 31, 2017

Bogota, Colombia has a pace, rhythm, culture, and dialect all its own. It's home to three of the region's leading universities, two prominent symphonies, dozens of museums, art galleries, and performance centers. Living here you'll have a calendar full of social, cultural, sports, and historical commemoration events.

Earning in Dollars, Living in Colombia…The Perfect Match

Earning in Dollars, Living in Colombia…The Perfect Match

About a year ago, I woke up one morning in Chicago and realized that another endless day stretched ahead of me. Another day of the same routine, the same monotony, running in the rat race, racing as fast as I could to get...nowhere. Cliche, I know, but I woke up knowing that unless I made a substantial change, I would lose my zest for life.

Infographic—Your Social Security Payments Overseas

Infographic—Your Social Security Payments Overseas

By |
September 2, 2015

According to the latest figures from the U.S. Social Security Administration, U.S. retirees overseas received more than $3 billion in social security payments in 2013. That number shows an increase of $160 million since 2012—and has nearly doubled since 2013. In total, 373,224 U.S. retirees received their social security payments as residents of a foreign country in 2013. Europe is home to the most U.S. retirees drawing their social security payments abroad (154,238), followed by Canada and Mexico (95,767), and Asia (70,586).

Yoga, Fresh Coffee, and Champagne in Medellin, Colombia

Yoga, Fresh Coffee, and Champagne in Medellin, Colombia

Daily Postcard
By |
August 7, 2015

The light streams through my window as the birds wake me with their joyful morning chorus. Last night I was lulled to sleep by chirping crickets and the sound of the nearby stream. I peek my head out the window to see fluffy clouds dispersing, revealing another beautiful day in paradise. After getting ready, I grab a notebook and pen and head out the door. The neighborhood fruit vendor senses my morning hunger as I approach his stand. He cracks open an enormous papaya and perfectly ripe mango, and serves me the most delicious fruit salad for just $1.75. "Enjoy," he says smiling.