India Fast Facts


Population: 1,236,344,631 (July 2014 est.)

Capital City: New Delhi

Climate: Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

Time Zone: UTC+5.5 (10.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Language: English is a subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages.

Country Code: 91

Coastline: 7,000 km


Explore Exotic and Colorful India
India is an exotic, ancient, multicolored land. The size, variety, and grandeur of this country makes it a feast for visitors. Every region is different. The bordering Himalayas contain the highest peaks in the world, which run over the border to include Mount Everest in Nepal.

The Ganges Plain, by the phenomenal river of the same name, is one of the world’s greatest stretches of flat land—as well as one of the world’s most densely populated regions. There are towns here dating back to 3000 B.C. and temples that draw Hindu pilgrims by the thousands. The country’s diverse population shares the land with elephants, tigers, camels, and millions of sacred cows.

The religions of India are as varied as its climate. You’ll find Hindus, Muslims, Bahai’s, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians. The different groups are lively and colorful, each with their own festivals, dances, culture, and cuisine. Each has left its artistic mark on India—ancient, elaborately carved temples, mosques, and gudwaras are located throughout the country.
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