Colombia Fact File
Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama.
Area: 439,735 square miles (1,138,910 square kilometers). Slightly less than twice the size of Texas.
Population: 44,725,543 (July 2011 est.)
Geography: Flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, and eastern lowland plains.
Climate: Tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands.
Government: Republic; executive branch dominates government structure.
Head of State & Government: President Juan Manuel Santos Calderon (since 7 August 2010).
Language: Spanish (official)
Religion: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%
Time Zone: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
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