Ecuador Fact File
Population: 15,868,396 (July 2015 est.)
Area: 283,561 sq km
Capital City: Quito
Time Zone: UTC-05:00
Location: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru
Climate: Tropical along the coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in the Amazonian jungle lowlands
Currency: United States dollar
Language: Spanish (Castillian) 93% (official), Quechua 4.1%, other indigenous 0.7%, foreign 2.2%
System of Government: Republic
Head of State: President Rafael CORREA Delgado (since 15 January 2007)
Telephone Country Code: 593
Emergency numbers: In case of an emergency, call 911 or 101 for the police only.
Religion: Roman Catholic 74%, Evangelical 10.4%, Jehovah’s Witness 1.2%, other 6.4% (includes Mormon Buddhist, Jewish, Spiritualist, Muslim, Hindu, indigenous religions, African American religions, Pentecostal), atheist 7.9%, agnostic 0.1%
Life Expectancy at Birth: 76.56 years
Exports: $18.36 billion (2015 est.)
Imports: $20.93 billion (2015 est.)
Gross Domestic Product (Purchasing Power Parity): $181.8 billion (2015 est.)
GDP per Capita: $11,300 (2015 est.)
Inflation Rate: -0.6% (2015 est.)
Source: CIA The World Factbook
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