Portugal Fast Facts
History: Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of its wealthiest colony of Brazil in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.
Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain.
Area: 35,556 square miles (92,090 square kilometers). Slightly smaller than Indiana.
Population: 10,799,270 (July 2013 est.)
Geography note: Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar.
Climate: Maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south.
Government: Republic; parliamentary democracy.
Head of State: President Anibal Cavaco Silva (since 9 March 2006)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Pedro Manuel Mamede Passos Coelho (since 21 June 2011)
Language: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Religion: Roman Catholic 84.5%, other Christian 2.2%, other 0.3%, unknown 9%, none 3.9% (2001 census)
Time Zone: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Telephone system: Portugal’s telephone system has a state-of-the-art network with broadband, high-speed capabilities.
International country code: + 351
Cell phones users: 12.335 million (2011)
Internet users: 5.168 million (2009)
Internet country code: .pt
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