For many North Americans, Portugal is a somewhat undiscovered territory. Located west of Spain, it’s famous for Port wine. But there’s much to learn about this jewel of a country, especially its stunning geography.
In broad strokes, the Douro River separates the northern region from the central. The Tejo (you may hear it referred to as the Tagus, its former Roman name) River outlines the center of the country from the Alentejo region (literally translated as “below Tejo”). Farthest south is the area known as the Algarve.
Increasing numbers of Canadian and U.S. expats are discovering the charms of Serra da Estrela, where you can ski on real or manmade snow, and of the rolling hills, cork trees, and golden, red-and-purple-flowered plains of Alentejo.
Perhaps the best place to start your love affair with Portugal is with its capital. Located two-thirds of the way down the country from north to south, Lisbon sits on seven hills which offer spectacular views of the city, the Tejo, and the Atlantic. Just outside Lisbon, a string of exquisite beaches from Praia de Caxias to Cascais adds an element of holiday recreation to this cosmopolitan center.
Lisbon is the oldest city in Western Europe, predating London, Paris, and Rome by centuries. Invaded and ruled by Germanic tribes in the fifth century, the Moors in the eighth, recaptured in 1147 by the Crusaders, and virtually destroyed by the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755, the city is a survivor.
Its location on the Atlantic makes Lisbon an important seaport, and the country’s largest. Add nearby industrial, technological, financial, and mass media sectors, and you’ll understand why Lisbon is the wealthiest region in Portugal.
In addition to the beauty of its geographical location, Lisbon is a magnet for visitors seeking museums of all sorts—from fine art to pharmacopeia, you’ll find one to suit you. And if you’re looking for a good meal, Lisbon has a seemingly limitless number of cafés, bars, and restaurants, including seven that boast Michelin stars.
Retire in Lisbon
Here’s something to keep in mind if you’re interested in escaping rough winter weather: With its Mediterranean climate, Lisbon enjoys the warmest winters of any large city in Europe. Average temperatures range from 59 F during the day to 46 F at night from December to February. The summer season usually lasts about six months, from May to October.
You don’t need to own a car here. The city offers great transportation, including buses, trams, funiculars, trains, a metro, and even boats. If you wanted to explore the countryside, you can rent a car and eliminate daily driving in Lisbon’s famously intimidating traffic.
Want a break from city life? Head northwest toward the palace town of Mafra and visit the 1,187 hectares of land in the Tapada Nacional de Mafra, former hunting grounds of the kings of Portugal. Or take your pick of sun-drenched beaches like Carcavelos or Ericeira. Visit Cascais, once known as “The Portuguese Riviera,” now an expat haven. And what makes visiting these places even better is that the journey is just as enjoyable as the destination, as national roads and autostradas are well-maintained and congestion-free.
Lifestyle in Lisbon
You will always feel like you’re on vacation in Lisbon, where every day you can find a new cultural site, beach, boutique, or eatery.
Your experience will be flavored by which area you choose to live in. Districts have neighborhoods, or bairros, and each has its own distinct ambience. Here’s a note on a few:
- Baixa, Rossio, and Restauradores: Streets are packed with locals and tourists alike visiting shops, monuments, and restaurants.
- Bairro Alto, Bica, and Cais do Sodré: Lisbon’s night life center.
- Castelo, Alfama, and Mouraria: The historic heart of town, imbued with a sense of the past, and home to great fado.
Wherever you settle, however, certain things will be the same. At your local café, enjoy morning coffee (bica) with torrada (slices of thick white bread toasted to perfection) or pastel de nata (the creamy custard tart that is the national pastry).
Then stroll in one of the city’s parks, or along broad, tree-lined, Avenida da Liberdade and window shop, or walk down to the harbor and boat-watch.
In the afternoon, stop by Lisbon’s branch of the Spanish department store, El Corte Inglés. Grab a snack, buy groceries, see a movie in the Cineplex, and, if you have them, get your car washed and dog groomed.
You can also leave the city for a while. Take the train to Cascais (about one hour) at the Cais do Sodré station. Lunch bayside on the patio at the Hotel Baía and ride the carousel in the center of town. Then head back to the city and catch a performance—in English—by The Lisbon Players at their historic theater, Estrela Hall.
Cost of Living in Lisbon
Daily living costs are higher here than in smaller cities. But even so, expenses are less than in other European capital cities like Paris, London, and Madrid.
Here are some examples of monthly costs for a couple living in an apartment in the Lisbon area:
|Rent (for a furnished two-bedroom apartment)||$1,750|
|Utilities (Gas, water, and electric)||$100|
|Household help: maid twice per month, three hours per day||$50|
|Phone, cable, Internet (two cells, one landline)||$90|
|Maid (three hours, bi-weekly)||$50|
|Transportation: taxis, trains, metro, buses, trams||$125|
|Entertainment (dining out, cultural activities)||$250|
Climate in Lisbon
When we think of moving overseas, various thoughts come to mind: What does the place have to offer? How much will it cost me? And the all-important, what should I pack? But one critical factor is what kind of climate you can expect when you get there.
Here’s the great news about Lisbon, Portugal: Not only is there plenty to do and see in the way of beaches, museums, and historical sites, but it’s incredibly affordable. And the climate is marvelous year-round.
Sitting at a sidewalk café enjoying coffee and a pastel de nata—the creamy custard tart that is the national pastry—you won’t find a huge variance in your surroundings throughout the year.
For example, the coldest months are January and February, with temperatures ranging from 47 F to 59 F. There’s a steady progression of increased temperature into springtime, with temperatures reaching high 60s F and low 70s F until summer, when June, July, August, and September see the mercury hover around 80 F. Then a mild decline begins, with mid-70s F in October and mid-60s F in November, heading into winter again.
As far as rain is concerned, you don’t need to have your umbrella handy. Lisbon receives most of its rain from November through April, but more than half of the days during that period are sunny. Rainfall readings are at their highest in November and December, at about five inches, but then steadily drop each month—four inches in January, just over three in February, and so on until the summer months, which might only see a small fraction of an inch.
Lisbon has some lovely beaches stretching off to the west, including the rugged surfing beach of Guincho. But you’ll see locals in wetsuits year-round, because the water temperature ranges only from about 59 F to 68 F—a bit chilly if you’re going to do more than hop in and splash around.
While other areas—like Mafra, for instance, about thirty-five minutes from Lisbon city center—can get quite gusty, Lisbon is moderate in this department. For about ten months in the year, wind speeds average between five and six-and-a-half miles per hour, with the calmest time being late August, September, and October.
Where is Lisbon on the Map?
By Tricia Pimental
When I moved to Portugal five years ago, it was all about the countryside: goats grazing on kelly green meadows, church bells pealing across the valley, and picking grapes at harvest time with close neighbors.
I traded that for a city with bright yellow tram cars, a Moorish castle, a dizzying array of museums, galleries, and parks, and restaurants offering an infinite variety of ethnic and local cuisines.
Welcome to Lisbon, Portugal.
Where is Lisbon?
Located on the Atlantic Ocean, perched on seven hills, Lisbon is the country’s largest city and the westernmost capital of continental Europe. The second oldest European capital after Athens, it predates Rome by four centuries. Roughly in line latitudinally with Washington, D.C. and longitudinally with Cork, Ireland, Lisbon packs 3 million people into a metropolitan area of approximately 38 square miles.
Lisbon is recognized as a global city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group for its importance in international trade, finance, arts and entertainment, tourism, and education. And then there are the beaches. Head west along the bank of the Tagus River Estuary and take your pick, from the soft golden sands of Carcavelos to the windswept surfing mecca of Guincho, on the western edge of Sintra-Cascais National Park.
How do we get to Lisbon?
Getting to Lisbon is easy. Many airlines offer flights to Lisbon from points in the United States, Canada, and Europe. Among them are American Airlines/British Airways, Delta/Air France/KLM, Air Canada, TAP Portugal and United/Lufthansa. TAP Portugal and easyJet provide frequent flights from London to Lisbon. Depending on the time of year, day of the week, time of day, and length of stay, some good deals are available.
Travel time from the West Coast of the U S. to Lisbon ranges between thirteen to fifteen hours, because of stops, usually in Paris, Madrid, or Amsterdam. From the East Coast, you’ll be flying high four or five hours less.
The city’s Humberto Delgado airport is just 15 minutes from the central Alfama district, and serves more than 20 million travelers a year.
Expats in Lisbon find it easy to connect with others when they arrive thanks to organizations like InterNations, Americans Living in Portugal, and International Women in Portugal, which aid transition by offering friendly advice and a wide spectrum of social and educational events.
What’s the Climate Like in Lisbon?
With its Mediterranean climate, Lisbon enjoys the warmest winters of any large city in Europe. Average daytime temperatures range around 59 F and 46 F at night from December to February. The summer season lasts about six months, from May to October, with August the warmest month. Then temperatures hit highs of around 86 F and lows of 67 F.
Which City Districts Should I Visit?
After the Great Quake of 1755—bringing fires and a devastating tsunami—the first Marquês de Pombal focused on urban planning yielding earthquake-resistant, architecturally elegant gems. His success is celebrated in the Praça do Comercio by the Arco da Rua Augusta, a triumphant arch commemorating the city’s rebuilding. At the Praça do Marquês de Pombal, a 118-foot-high monument honors him personally. This shopping and banking center of the country’s capital also features Eduardo VII Park, Lisbon’s largest park.
Located between the Baixa and the Bairro Alto districts of Lisbon, Chiado loves its shopping. Rua Garrett is a prime example, and is home to Café A Brasileira, famed as a haunt of the intellectual and artistic elite, including legendary Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa. The neighborhood is dotted with theaters like São Carlos National Theater, noted for its lush interior, while Chiado Museum contains an exceptional collection of contemporary art.
The literal translation of this district is“high district.” Streets like Rua do Diário de Notícias, Rua do Norte, and Rua da Atalaia, offer quirky shops with vintage items and organic foods, as well as bars and live music venues, adding to the area’s bohemian flavor. The Garden of São Pedro de Alcântara and the Garden of Santa Catarina provide panoramic views of Lisbon while the São Bento Palace, Puppet Museum, and National Museum of Ancient Art satisfy culture lovers.
This oldest of Lisbon’s districts retains a medieval atmosphere predominantly because its dense rock foundation withstood the 1755 earthquake. Inhabited by Romans and Visigoths, it was the Moors who gave it its name: “Al-hamma” means “fountains,” for the springs which formerly crisscrossed the area. The district’s winding, cobblestone streets, modest squares, and whitewashed houses are distinctly Moorish in character. Attractions include the Castle of Saint George—offering breathtaking views of the city—and the Roman Theater, Tile, and Fado museums. Fado is a traditional Portuguese type of music, and in Lisbon, the Alfama district is definitely the place to hear it performed.
Fado’s actual birthplace is the Moorish district, so named because it was where Moors were permitted to live after the reconquest of Lisbon in 1147. The most multi-ethnic district in Lisbon, today most of the foreign population is from Bangladesh, followed by immigrants from China, India, Pakistan, and Mozambique.
This district speaks to the age when Portugal was a colonial force and major trade power, evidenced by sites like the Monument to the Discoveries, Maritime Museum, and Belém Tower. Here you’ll also find Jerónimos Monastery and Praça do Império, the country’s largest square.
Parque das Naçōes
This newest district in Lisbon, site of the 1998 World Expo, is a pedestrian-friendly commercial and residential hub with a futuristic look. Its railway station is a main hub of trains, buses, taxis, and the metro. The area boasts many restaurants, gardens, the second largest oceanarium in the world, a casino, and a 20,000-seat arena hosting concerts and sporting events.
Former farmland turned industrial complex turned nightlife mecca, this district has become gentrified, attracting those seeking loft living and river views. The waterfront area is commonly called docas, “docks,” as most of its many bars and clubs are in converted riverfront warehouses.