Location: Portugal is in southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain.

Area: 35,556 square miles (92,090 square kilometers). Slightly smaller than Indiana.

Population: 10,287,563

Capital: Lisbon

Geography: Northern Portugal has a mountainous landscape with many plateaus, while the southern, Algarve, region consists mainly of rolling plains.

Climate: Portugal’s climate is maritime temperate. It is generally cool and rainy in the north of the country, and warmer and drier in the south.

Government: Portugal is a republic governed by a parliamentary democracy. Its government consists of the Council of Ministers, or cabinet—made up of the prime minister and 15 to 18 ministers—and the Assembly of the Republic, or parliament—made up of 230 deputies, all elected by public vote. Cabinet ministers are not elected, but chosen by the prime minister.

Head of State: President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (since 9 March 2016). The presidential term lasts for five years, and it is not possible to take up office for any longer than two consecutive terms.

Head of Government: Prime Minister Antonio Luis Santos da Costa (since 24 November 2015). The prime minister is elected indirectly, and is the leader of the largest parliamentary party, or coalition of parties. The prime minister’s term can last up to 4 years.

Language: Portuguese is the official language that is used throughout the country. Mirandese is also an official language but is only heard in certain areas.

Religion: Portugal is predominantly Roman Catholic, with 81% of the population identifying as such. Other forms of Christianity make up 3.3% of the population, while other religions (including Jewish and Muslim) make 0.6%. A larger amount of people (6.8%) identify as having no religion, while 8.3% are unspecified.

Time Zone: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

International country code: + 351

Internet country code: .pt

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