Location: Honduras is located in Central America, between Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. It borders the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean).

Area: 43,278 square miles (112,090 square kilometers). Slightly larger than Tennessee.

Population: 8,893,259

Capital: Tegucigalpa

Geography: Honduras has three distinct topographical regions: a large interior highland area and two narrow coastal lowlands. The interior, which makes up about 80% of the country’s terrain, is mountainous. The larger Caribbean lowlands in the north and the Pacific lowlands bordering the Gulf of Fonseca are dominated by alluvial plains.

Climate: Honduras’ Caribbean lowlands have a tropical wet climate with high temperatures and humidity, and an even dispersal of rainfall throughout the year. The Pacific lowlands have a tropical wet and dry climate with high temperatures and a distinct dry season from November through April. The interior highlands also have a distinct dry season, but temperatures in this region decrease as elevation increases.

Currency: The legal currency of Honduras is the Lempira (HNL). $1 = 23.6 HNL (January 2017).

Government: Honduras operates under a Democratic Constitutional Republic.

Head of State and Government: President Juan Orlando Hernandez Alvarado (since 27 January 2014). The presidential term lasts for four years and there is no option for re-election. All candidates must be Honduran born and have full citizenship, and be over the age of 30, along with other criteria.

Language: Spanish is the official language of Honduras, with Amerindian dialects also spoken throughout the country.

Religions: A huge majority of the Honduran population identify as Roman Catholic (97%), while 3% identify as Protestant.

Time Zone: UTC-6 (One hour behind Washington, D.C. during Standard Time).

International Country Code: +504

Internet Country Code: .hn

Life Expectancy at Birth: 71.1 years (Male = 69.5, Female = 72.8)

Exports: $8.165 billion

Imports: $11.25 billion

Gross Domestic Product (Purchasing Power Parity): $43.19 billion

GDP per Capita: $5,300

Inflation Rate: 2.9%

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