Galway, Ireland

Galway, Ireland - Best Things to Do, Insiders Guide & Cost of Living

By John Morris

With a colorful heritage dating back to the 12th century and its 14 ancient tribes, Galway has evolved into a cosmopolitan city offering the best craic (fun) to be found anywhere on Ireland’s west coast. Birthplace of the great Hollywood actor, Peter O’Toole, this harbor city, with its perpetual party atmosphere, is located where the River Corrib meets the Atlantic Ocean.

Retire in Galway

Galwegians, as the locals are known, have the best of all worlds; culture, international festivals, colorful parades, superb eclectic foods, traditional Irish music, horse racing, great shopping, and, on warm sunny days, gorgeous sandy beaches. It has good rail and road connections also, though the nearest international airport, Shannon, is 50 miles away.

Marking the approximate halfway point on the Wild Atlantic Way—Ireland’s spectacular coastal trail Galway is a joy to explore and discover: from winding cobbled lanes and defensive stone walls to intriguing quirky shops and quaint offbeat pubs; from city squares steeped in history to art galleries and museums; from stone-built coffee shops to superb restaurants, seafood and oyster bars.

The locals are warm, welcoming and friendly, and they have a wry sense of humor, too. An Englishman, stepping into the path of an oncoming Jaguar, was yanked to the safety of the pavement by a local who told him, “Sure, you couldn’t be run over by a nicer car.”

Considering a move to Galway? You’ll find everything here in this bustling, vibrant city that you could ever want or need. But could you actually live here?

Lifestyle in Galway

Eyre Square Shopping Centre, in the city center, has more than 60 outlets, among them, Dunnes Stores, Penneys, Flying Tiger, and Claire’s. There are various eateries and coffee shops: Pizza Point, Subway, Costa Coffee, and Starbucks are just some of them, to give you the rest and refreshment you deserve.

“A wide range of shopping all under one roof,” states a sign advertising Galway Shopping Centre. Situated on Headway Road, this plaza does indeed play host to a wide range of brand-name, and other, stores, restaurants, cafes, coffee shops, and bookstores—there’s even a barber and a locksmith.

There’s a choice of cinemas: IMC cinemas are in both the city and Oranmore Business Park; the Omniplex is in Salthill; and the Pálás cinema is at 15, Merchants Rd. Lower.

For foodies who like to eat out, and that’s probably most of us at one time or another, Galway is probably the gastronomic capital of the west of Ireland at least. Each year, an international symposium for chefs takes place here—Food on the Edge attracts to the city an international clique of top chefs enabling them to meet, share new ideas, and discuss food culture.

The home of numerous top-drawer restaurants–including two which hold Michelin stars: Loam Restaurant and Wine Bar, and Aniar Restaurant which prides itself on its locally-based cuisine—Galway offers numerous quality eating establishments with all the character and atmosphere you would expect. Gourmet pubs tend to serve good wholesome food in a convivial atmosphere, and there are several excellent seafood and oyster bars too. If it’s food you want, Galway has something to suit all tastes and pockets.

Cost of Living in Galway

Rent in Galway, on average, is around 30% lower than Dublin. These reduced figures are reflected right across the board meaning that your money will go much further here than it will in Dublin or Cork.

NB. The examples which follow are for illustrative purposes only. Prices will vary depending on requirements, individual circumstances, and funds available.

Rent per month
One-bedroom apartment in the city center$1,190 to $1,430
One-bedroom apartment outside the city$1,012 to $1,200
Three-bedroom apartment in the city center$1,905 to $2,143
Three-bedroom apartment outside the city$1,667 to $1,906
Buy Apartment
Two-bedroom apartment in the city center$190,000 to $297,000
Two-bedroom apartment outside the city$119,000 to $238,000
Local property tax (depending on the value of the property)$297 to $715 per year
Apartment insurance$357 to $715 per year
Apartment maintenance$120 to $1,200 per year
Boiler/equipment maintenance$120 per year
Gas and electric$238 per month
Internet connection/telephone$60  to $95 per month
Private healthcare for two people$3,571  to $4,762 per year
Car maintenance/service/tires$238  to $357 per year
Car tax varies. For a recent 2.2 liter$321 per year
Car insurance fully comprehensive$476 to $595 per year
Food for two people$713 a month


The overall cost of living in Galway, city or county, is generally cheaper than living in Dublin or Cork. The pace of life is slow and relaxed. Galwegians are friendly, welcoming, and helpful, and the crime rate is low. There is always something to do and somewhere to go, and you’ll find as much craic as you can handle. Retirement in or near Galway has all the big city benefits with none of the disadvantages. Summing it up: Galway is a great place to retire.

10 Amazing Things to See and Do in Galway, Ireland

A lively harbor city on Ireland’s Atlantic coast, and Ireland’s sixth most populous city, Galway lies between the River Corrib and Galway Bay. Known for its exciting, vibrant lifestyle and contribution towards the arts, it was named the European Region of Gastronomy in 2018, and the European Capital of Culture in 2020.

1. The Galway Races


Think of Galway and the chances are that the first things that spring to mind are the races.

This horse racing extravaganza, which takes place at Ballybrit Racecourse less than four miles northeast of Galway, starts on the last Monday of July and lasts for a week

And what a week! Some quarter of a million visitors descend on this relatively small city of 80,000 people, and while courts, offices, and businesses generally close down for the duration, pubs, cafes, takeaways, and restaurants thrive as they knuckle down to cope with the huge—but very welcome— demand.

About 50 races are run with over $2 million prize money offered. The most popular event, the Galway Plate, was established in 1869. This exciting race is two miles, six furlongs, and 111 yards in length, with fourteen fences. Ladies Day, held on the third day, always attracts fashionistas with flamboyant outfits, and colorful, inventive hats, the razzmatazz, and of course, the paparazzi are never far away.

But there’s more to Galway than horse racing. Unfortunately, this year’s Coronavirus pandemic has led to the closure or postponement of many events, so if a trip is planned, it is important to ensure that the attraction will be available and open.

2. Eyre Square

© Retamal
© Retamal

In the center of the city, you’ll find its beating heart, Eyre Square; the city’s main public space. Its true name, the John F. Kennedy Memorial Park, commemorating a speech made by the U.S. President in 1963, is rarely used.

Once a town green in front of the old city gates and used for markets, this award-winning square is today a modern plaza with neatly trimmed lawns and flower beds. It displays a fountain depicting the Galway Hooker—a traditional local fishing boat, artworks, sculptures, and a row of colorful flags representing the 14 ancient tribes of Galway. There are benches and places to sit where you can watch the world go by. Close to the city’s tourist office, railway station, and a bustling shopping center.

3. Galway City Museum


Located by the Corrib and Spanish Arch—part of the city’s defensive system—the Galway City Museum hosts fascinating displays of permanent and touring exhibitions. Divided into two sections, one tells the interesting history of Galway and Claddagh village; its archaeology, history, and art. The other celebrates Irish artists from the second half of the 20th century.

4. Spanish Arch


These are all that remain of Galway’s formidable stone walls dating back to 1584. They were once part of the city’s defenses running from Old Martin’s Tower to the Corrib and its quays.

5. Nora Barnacle Museum


Muse, and wife of James Joyce, Nora Barnacle lived with her family at 8, Bowling Green—the Barnacle family home from 1894 to 1940. The smallest private museum in Ireland, it is open only during the summer months. Step back in time and view the many photographs, objects, and memorabilia that were familiar to the couple.

6. The Latin Quarter


Galway’s answer to Dublin’s Temple Bar, this is where you’ll find the ‘craic’. The Latin Quarter in the city’s old center occupies the left bank of the Corrib from O’Brien’s Bridge to Spanish Arch. Here, on either side of the cobbled narrow streets, you’ll find small colorful shops, traditional lively pubs, bijou cafes, bars, affordable restaurants, obligatory street performers, and non-stop music.

7. Kirwan’s Lane


A wonderful atmosphere, friendly and fun, Kirwan’s Lane—named after one of the 14 tribes of Galway—is always good to visit either day or night. This narrow walkway displays its heritage by the rustic stone houses—now shops, restaurants, cafes, and pubs—which crowd the footpath adding to the lane’s unique character and charm.

8. Claddagh


“Claddagh has a lovely feel, a buzz, a sense of our past…” wrote one visitor on Trip Advisor. Indeed, this early Irish-speaking fishing village and harbor evokes all of that. This small community stands at the mouth of the Corrib on its west bank a 5-minute walk from the city.

This is where, three centuries ago, the world-famous Claddagh ring originated; its entwined symbols representing love, loyalty, and friendship. Walk the quay, breath the sea air, feed the swans, find a coffee shop, buy yourself, or someone special a Claddagh ring. It's all here waiting to be discovered.

9. Salthill Promenade


From here, on a clear day, you can see the peaks of Connemara, or so they say. Meaning the sharp-peaked summits of the Twelve Pins mountain range in Connemara National Park 31 miles to the north. Within walking distance of the city center, Salthill Promenade offers a bracing one-mile seaside walk. Here you will find lively bars, restaurants serving the local catch of the day, and cafes. You can drop into the local aquarium, Atlantaquaria to discover the sea life, or watch the boats and yachts playing the clear blue waters of the bay.


This picture-perfect castle, located near Kinvara village on the south shore of Galway Bay, is a half-hour drive from the city, and the journey is well worthwhile.

Built in 1520 by the O’Hynes clan the 23-meter tower and its encircling walls occupy a rocky outcrop surrounded on three sides by water.

After falling into disrepair, the castle was restored in the 1920s by Irish poet and raconteur Oliver St John Gogarty who entertained his literary contemporaries here; among them W.B. Yeats and George Bernard Shaw.

Today, the castle is open to the public who wish to explore its history and, perhaps, enjoy a banquet of medieval-style fare whilst enjoying live music and hearing readings of poetry by Yeats, Gogarty, and Shaw.

10. Forthill Cemetery

© Muskopf
© Muskopf

Hauntingly beautiful and dating from the 1320s, Forthill Graveyard is notable due to its association with the Spanish Armada. From 1588 to 1589 it became the final resting place of more than 300 shipwrecked soldiers and sailors, men, and boys, executed on the orders of William Fitzwilliam, viceroy under Queen Elizabeth I.

An Insider’s Guide to Galway: The City of Tribes

Though steeped in history, Galway is a vibrant, modern city, perfect for a weekend of exploring. ©iStock/JByard
Though steeped in history, Galway is a vibrant, modern city, perfect for a weekend of exploring. ©iStock/JByard

By John Wallace

The rich, crimson sails of the Galway Hooker boats bob up and down, caught in the steady rolling swell and subsequent lazy retreat of the dark blue tide. As the sun sinks below the horizon, its last light beams filter through the sails, causing them to blaze iridescent hues of red. I’m sipping a cold beer, enjoying the sunset from a friend’s balcony.

Below me, Galway City is bursting with life. Steady streams of people are ambling through every street, big and small. There’s a talented group of buskers lighting up Shop Street—the whimsical, tinny tune of a fiddle surging into the air, accompanied by the rhythmic pounding of a bodhrán (the traditional Irish hand drum), and the tender strumming of guitar chords. A cacophony of voices, talking and laughing, spills out into the air, merging with the music in a natural urban melody.

There’s something magical about Galway, something intangible, enticing, enduring. It’s the perfect blend of modernity and tradition perched on Ireland’s west coast. A city that carries its history proudly, staunch in its traditions, yet is remarkably open and welcoming to outsiders.


Clearly, I’m not the only one who feels this way. I lived in Galway City for two years, and every time I took the train to and from my hometown of Dublin, I’d encounter scores of U.S. tourists, their excitement palpable, their enthusiasm contagious.

Their plans, however—as I couldn’t help but overhear—generally involved them visiting the exact same places each time. It seems there exists a fairly well-trodden Galway itinerary for tourists from across the pond, which is unfortunate, because Galway has such an authentic layer beneath its tourist veneer.

And that is what I’d like to show you… my “local’s” guide to Galway:

For the History Buffs

Most visitors will flock to Eyre Square, and the Spanish Arch upon arrival in Galway. Eyre Square was actually renamed “John F. Kennedy Memorial Park” in 1965 (though you’ll never hear anyone refer to it as such, it remains, simply Eyre Square). The president in question visited Galway in June 1963 and gave a speech in the square. Today, you’ll find a bust there honoring JFK. Despite their popularity, Eyre Square and the Spanish Arch are, in fact, worth seeing.

The square acts as a focal point for the many international festivals Galway hosts each year, and the Arch is a remnant of the historical outer defensive walls of the medieval settlement with an interesting history (it was partially destroyed by a tsunami in 1755!).

But if you have any sort of interest in Irish history, then you must head next to the Hall of the Red Earl. The funny thing about the Hall is that for representing such a significant part of the city’s history, if you don’t go looking for it, it’s highly unlikely you’ll find it. It’s lodged right in the middle of the entertainment district, its entrance hidden in a thin alleyway on Druids Lane. Walk down Quay Street, toward the Spanish Arch, take a left at the Quay Bar, and you should be able to find it.“You’re always a stone’s throw away from live music.”Why bother? The Hall is Galway’s oldest excavated archaeological site, dating back to the 13th century, when Galway was founded by Anglo-Norman conquerors. It has served a number of purposes: town hall, a center for tax collection, and even a courthouse. It takes its name from Richard de Brugo, the Norman Earl of the province of Ulster. Today, the site is managed by Galway Civic Trust, which provides helpful tour guides who will lead you through it, illuminating the Anglo-Norman beginnings of the city. You can examine the foundational ruins and uncovered artifacts, such as gold cufflinks, clay pipes, and even axe heads dating back to the Stone Age, up to a staggering 3,000 years old.

The Norman invasion of Ireland was the real starting point of Ireland’s violent history with its neighbor, England, and the Hall of the Red Earl gives insight into the beginnings of this history in western Ireland, as well as to general life in Galway, 900 years ago.

#1 Choice for Music and Chats

You can’t visit the City of Tribes (a reference to the merchant families who had huge influence in the city from the 13th to the 19th century) without spending some time in one of the city’s many pubs. Around the Eyre Square/Shop Street area, you’ll find a plethora of bars that are worth visiting, but they seem to be constantly jammed with people. And you’ll have to wait to get a seat on a Friday or Saturday night. What’s more, they could be bars in Dublin, or London, or…anywhere, really. They don’t necessarily carry that Galway flavor.

If you’re after something unique, authentic, you’ll need to stray a little off the beaten track.

Traditional Irish music is a mainstay of Galway’s pub scene. At any moment, it feels like you’re just a stone’s throw from live music. And you’re not wrong. But some are better than others. Cross the bridge by the Spanish Arch, keep walking, and after you pass Taylor’s Bar and Beer Garden, take a left, and eventually you’ll come to The Crane Bar. This is my number one choice for live music in Galway. Downstairs, there are live trad sessions every single night. It’s the perfect place to grab a pint of Guinness and immerse yourself in a true Irish pub setting.

Upstairs is the Listeners Club, an intimate stage setting that seats about 70 people, allowing for personal, relaxed performances. Featuring a wide variety of styles, the Listeners Club plays host to established performers, like Mike McGoldrick, who played with Dire Straits and Bob Dylan, as well as up-and-coming acts. You can check out who is performing on their website (see:, and you can book tickets by calling +353 87 2245637. Admission generally runs between €15 and €20 ($15 to $20), a steal for the intimate nature of these gigs.

If you fancy yourself a budding Irish linguist, swing on over to Áras na Gael. Áras na Gael is Galway’s secret little Irish pub, tucked away on a side street just outside the city’s Latin Quarter, where they offer nightly courses on speaking as Gaeilge (that’s Irish for “Irish”) while you enjoy some drinks. Monday is for beginners. The lessons aren’t limited to just language though, they’ll also regale you about some core tenets of Irish culture, as well as allowing you the chance to take part in some beginner trad sessions yourself.

map showing galway

From Burgers to Gourmet Food

When it comes to food, I’m a simple guy. Give me a burger and a pint in a cool little bar over a 5-star restaurant any day. With this in mind, I can’t recommend Caribou enough. It’s got a chic, hipster vibe, but not in an obnoxious, or pretentious way. The staff is genial and quick with a smile and a suggestion for the vast number of IPAs they have on tap. (I’d recommend trying “While Domination,” for a fruity, tropical punch.)

I can safely say that Caribou offers the best burger in Galway, and if I were a betting man, I’d wager it might just be the best burger on the entire island of Ireland. Mouth-watering smash-burgers, double stacked and layered in a coating of melted Irish cheddar, with hand-cut and expertly seasoned fries. The menu also offers barbacoa tacos, chicken wings, and the vegan friendly Beyond-Burger. It’s a small menu, but what they do, they do exceptionally well. You can view their menu and book a table at their website (see: caribougalway. com).

If you’re looking for something a bit more sophisticated, John Keogh’s is a gastropub that offers the aesthetic you’d expect to find in an Irish pub while crafting dishes that wouldn’t be out of place in a 5-star restaurant. The décor is perfectly reminiscent of a traditional Irish bar— owner Matt Hall has bought antiques and memorabilia that decorated pubs over the entire country. There’s plenty of small partitions and booths for privacy, or stools at the bar if you fancy a chat with your bartender or some of the locals.

The menu is crafted meticulously; determined to represent that meeting of land and sea that has formed an integral part of Galway’s identity on Ireland’s west coast. Working with local farmers, fishmongers, and butchers, John Keogh’s is determined to only use the very best of the local produce, and this is clearly reflected in its menu. Think fresh oysters, Jameson whiskey cured salmon fillets, seafood chowder, and juicy ribeye and sirloin steaks sourced from the next-door county of Roscommon. The menu changes on a seasonal basis, making the best of the various local produce in season. John Keogh’s is on the way to The Crane Bar, and you can check out their menu at

Escape To The Island: A Day Trip From The City


Galway is a relatively small city you can see in a few days. But that doesn’t mean your exploration of the area has to come to an end. Book a day trip out to the Aran Islands. Boat tours to the islands can be arranged by either visiting the office just north of Eyre Square, or by going to It’s €49 for an entire day’s worth of activity, departing from Galway docks and sailing to Inis Mór, and then returning by passing along the gorgeous Cliffs of Moher.

Inis Mór is the largest of the sparsely inhabited islands off the West Coast and has a number of quintessential Irish attractions. Visit the seal colony, to the north of the Island, as well as Dún Aonghasa, the island’s largest and most impressive historical stone fort. There’s a small museum that details the history of the fort, as well as a nearby neolithic tomb.

This could just be my sweet tooth talking, but no visit to Inis Mór is complete without trying Man of Aran fudge. Homemade by Tomás Póil, an Inis Mór native, he bakes using Irish butter, and with an exhaustive list of flavors, this is one of the most delicious sweets I’ve ever eaten. Personally, I recommend the tiger butter and Irish coffee flavors. Man of Aran fudge doesn’t ship overseas, so it’s here or not at all. You can find Tomás’ shop easily—it’s in Kilronan, where your ferry will dock.

The return voyage might be the best bit yet; you’ll be awed as you sail along the rugged edge of Ireland. Bursting up from the dark waters of the Atlantic, the Cliffs of Moher ride up as tall as 700 feet in places and run for almost nine miles. Though they’re not exactly an “undiscovered” sight, they just might be the most naturally beautiful area in all of Ireland.


City and Area Guide