Location: Colombia is situated in the northern part of South America, between Panama, Ecuador, and Venezuela. It borders the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean.

Area: 439,735 square miles (1,138,910 square kilometers). Slightly less than twice the size of Texas.

Population: 47,220,856

Capital: Bogota

Geography: Colombia consists of flat lowlands around its coasts, which lead to highland areas—as far as the high Andes Mountains—in the center of the country. There are lowland plains to the east of the country.

Climate: Colombia’s climate is tropical along its coast and eastern plains. Temperatures start to get cooler as you move into the highlands.

Currency: The legal currency of Colombia is the Colombian peso (COP). $1 = 2,941 COP (January 2017).

Government: Colombia’s government is a Republic. It has three separate branches: Executive, Judicial, and Legislative (made up of a 162-member House of Representatives, and a 102-member Senate of the Republic). Members of each of the Legislative branch’s two chambers are elected for a four-year term by proportional representation.

Unlike many judiciary systems, Colombia’s judicial branch does not have a single supreme entity that oversees the lower courts, but rather four high courts: Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Council of State, and Superior Council of Judicature.

Head of State and Government: President Juan Manuel Santos Calderon (since 7 August 2010). The presidential term lasts for four years and can only run for two terms, whether consecutive or non-consecutive. The president is elected by popular vote.

Language: Spanish is the official language of Colombia.

Religions: A huge majority of the Colombian population identify as Roman Catholic (90%), while the other 10% follow other religions.

Time Zone: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)

International Country Code: +57

Internet Country Code: .co

Life Expectancy at Birth: 75.7 years (Male = 72.6, Female = 79)

Exports: $33.64 billion

Imports: $47.15 billion

Gross Domestic Product (Purchasing Power Parity): $690.4 billion

GDP per Capita: $14,200

Inflation Rate: 7.8%

©iStock.com/Björn Kindler

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