Area: 758,449 sq miles. Slightly less than three times the size of Texas.
Capital City: Mexico City
Time Zone: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Location: North America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States
Popular Expat Regions: San Miguel de Allende, Tulúm, Guanajuato, Chapala, Merida.
Property: You will find lots of affordable real estate in Mexico. And it’s perfectly legal for foreigners to buy here. This is even true for property in Mexico’s “restricted zone”—land that is within 100 kilometers (about 62 miles) of a border and 50 kilometers (about 31 miles) of a coast—which at one time was only available to the natives.
Renting: Rental properties are readily available throughout Mexico, and can cost anywhere between $450 to $1,000 a month.
Healthcare: Healthcare in Mexico is first-rate. Private clinics and hospitals are staffed by expert physicians (many of whom trained in the U.S., Europe, or in Mexico’s own world-renowned teaching hospitals), and medical care and prescription drugs will cost you only a fraction of what you would pay in the U.S.
Climate: Due to its size, there is no one set climate in Mexico. It instead varies from tropical to desert.
Currency: The currency in Mexico is the Mexican peso (MXN). $1=18.71 MXN (April 2017)
Financial Information: Major hotels and restaurants accept credit cards. You will need to have cash if you eat at small, homey restaurants. Local street artisans accept only cash so if you plan to shop, come prepared! Note that most small shop owners cannot change large bills so make sure you have plenty of pesos in small denominations.
Language: Spanish is spoken throughout the vast majority of Mexico, with 92.7% of the population saying it is their only language. Another 5.7% of people are reported to speak Spanish and indigenous languages, while 0.8% speak indigenous languages only , and another 0.8% are unspecified.
System of Government: Federal republic. The government is split into three branches: the Executive branch consists of the President and his Cabinet; the Legislative branch consists of a 128-seat Camara de Senadores (Senate) and a 500-seat Camara de Diputados (Chamber of Deputies); and the Judicial branch is made of numerous courts of different levels and specialties.
Head of State & Government: President Enrique Peña Nieto (since 1 December 2012). The president is directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a single 6-year term.
Telephone Country Code: 52
Emergency numbers: 066, 060, or 080 (some areas direct 911 to local services)
Religion: Roman Catholic is the predominant faith throughout Mexico, accounting for 82.7% of the population. Other notable religions are the Pentecostal faith at 1.6%, Jehovah’s Witnesses at 1.4%, and other Evangelical Churches accounting for 5%. Other religions take up 1.9% of the population, while 4.7% of people do not follow a religion, leaving 2.7% of people unspecified.
Life Expectancy at Birth: 75.9 years (male = 73.1 years; female = 78.8 years)
Exports: $359.3 billion
Imports: $372.8 billion
Gross Domestic Product (Purchasing Power Parity): $2.307 trillion
GDP per Capita: $18,900
Inflation Rate: 2.7%
Clothing: Temperatures are warm during the day. Casual attire is fine, although it should be noted that Mexican men and women hardly ever wear shorts…and certainly never while doing business. Evening temperatures here are delightful, and it is doubtful that sweaters or jackets will be necessary. But if you chill easily (from ocean breezes or air-conditioned rooms), you may want to pack a light sweater or long-sleeved shirt. In the evenings you may want something a bit dressier…slacks or jeans and collared shirts (no ties, please!) for men, nice slacks or skirts for women. Don’t forget bathing suits for the beaches, pools, etc. And don’t forget your hats and sunscreen.
Food and Water: Hotels provide bottled drinking water in the rooms. Please ask for more if you need it. We love the food in Mexico…an abundance of fruits, exquisite fresh juices (try them all!), fresh vegetables and excellent seafood. Most of the hotels and restaurants here are very careful to serve food that has been specially washed and prepared with health concerns in mind. It is very doubtful that you will get sick, but please don’t take a chance and do not drink the water from the tap. (Also brush your teeth with bottled water.)
Tipping: In Mexico, it is not customary to tip taxi drivers, unless they have gone out of their way to accommodate you. In restaurants, the customary tip is 15% on the before-tax total. It is customary to tip a bellman 10 pesos per bag. It is also customary to leave 10-20 pesos on the pillow for the maid who cleans your room each day. You can chose to tip her at the end of your stay, if you prefer.
Source: CIA The World Factbook